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History of the United Arab Emirates

Territory of UAE was populated by humans ages ago. Archeologists found their traces, belonging to the 5th century BC. The area of the Gulf was called by Assyrians Dilmun, they thought, that there was a paradise there, and brought dead bodies to be buried on Bahrain island.

Ancient Greeks called it Tyllos, that is PEARL, because there were plenty of them in local waters.

Iranians call it Persian, Arabians - Arabian, the rest of the world uses the word Gulf.

Britons called the coast of future Emirates Pirate coast, and from the middle of 19-th century, after signing sets of peace agreements with local sheikhs - Contracted Oman.

The 18th century was the period of great disasters for Arabia. Three years of draught, epidemics of plague and cholera, wars between tribes caused the migration of tribes to the Gulf coast from other regions. Former peasants became marine Arabs - fishers, sailors, searchers for pearl and shipbuilders.

Constant cross-tribal wars made Arabs unite, establishing military blocks.

By the beginning of World War II England had an exceptional right on Contracted Oman, and in 1922 they held control over the right of sheikhs to produce concession on oil searching and extraction. But the main income for Arabs was pearl trade, not oil.

Only with the beginning of oil extraction in 50s the emirates began to overcome crisis, remaining at the same time under England protectorate, against which the League of Arabian countries spoke in 1964. It declared full independence of the people of Persian Gulf. English government agreed with this claim and in 1968 declared its intention to withdraw the troops from the region till 1971 and announced plans of unification of Contracted Oman. But these plans were not carried out. After British troops withdrawing in September 1971, Bahrain and Quatar declared themselves as independent states.

On December 2, 1971 six from seven emirates announced the establishment of UAE Federation. The seventh emirate, Ras-el Khaimah, joined to it in 1972.

The famous UAE economical miracle occurred thanks to the wisdom of UAE ruler - sheikh Zayed Ben Sultan al-Nahayana, who was claimed to be the most outstanding personality of the century. Such title he got for his long time activity for the wealth and prosperity of Arabian and Muslim people. Money, earned for oil, he invested in the development of the country.

He established in 1971 the unique federation of emirates, which became the richest in the world. In fact, he turned the desert into a garden.

Wealth that came to the land of the seven emirates, drastically changed peoples life especially in Abu-Dhabi and Dubai. There is nothing in Emirates, except for the sea, sand and oil. Even palms are artificially grown up here. But today the country, as a sponge, absorbs all achievements of the world progress. It is a combination of the azure sea, velvet desert, skyscrapers of business centers and beautiful hotels. There are similar to communistic laws rules, but no taxes. There is Arabian trade spirit and Muslim religion.

There is a mix of nations, people, languages. Local people constitute only 20%, the rest come from all over the world.


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